Macao is a card game similar to baccarat, in which the players receive just one card. It originated during the 18th century.
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Macco was a gambling game in vogue in the eighteenth century.
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Madrasso, also known as Mandrasso or Magrasso, is perhaps the most popular and widespread card game in Venice and the surrounding region, where it has over the last fifty years practically replaced the older game Scarabocion. In the ranking and values of cards and the presence of a trump suit it is related to Briscola, but because the necessity to follow suit (as in Tressette) Madrasso offers greater scope for sophisticated card play technique. There are four players, two against two in fixed partnerships, partners facing each other. A 40 card Italian pack is used - for authenticity it should be the Venetian pattern, also known as Trevigiane.
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Mah Jong (Mah-jong or mah-jongg) is a Chinese gambling tile game for four players. Mah jong is played with a set of 144 tiles divided into three suits: circles, bamboos and characters, each suit comprising tiles numbered between 1 and 9 of which there are four of each tile. There are also three tiles marked with dragons, four white, four red and four green dragon tiles, four of each of four wind tiles: east, south, west and north and one each of four flower and four season tiles.
The four players are assigned a wind each, east wind going first. The tiles are shuffled and then built into a square of four walls each 18 tiles long \nd two tiles high.
The players then take turns to throw the two dice and draw a tile from the wall (or the previously discarded tile) and discard one tile from their hand attempting to make sets of matching tiles - in a manner similar to rummy - known as a pair (two matching) a pung (three matching), a kong (four matching) or a run called a chow consisting of three consecutive tiles of the same suit, eg: 2, 3 and 4 of bamboos. When a player has collected four sets and a pair they declare mah jong and the game ends, scores are then added up. If no player declares mah jong by the time the wall is reduced to 14 tiles the game is declared a draw and abandoned,
Scoring is slightly complex. The player declaring mah jong scores 2 points for any pair of dragons, or pair of winds of the round or his own wind. Any player scores 2 points for an exposed pung of tiles 2-8, and double it is concealed. A pung of 1 or 9 or winds or dragons in any suit scores 4 if exposed and double if concealed. A kong of tiles 2-8 in any suit scores 8 idf exposed and double if concealed. A kong of 1 or 9 in any suit or of winds or dragons scores 16 if exposed and double if concealed. Any season or flower scores 4 points.
Mah jong was popular in Britain around the 1920s and early 1930s, reaching its zenith with a craze in 1924, with traditional mah jong sets exquisitely made from bamboo with carved and stained ivory faces brought back from China by travellers. Later European sets are made from plastic.
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Manchester City FC is an English Association Football club. They were formed in 1880 as the West Gorton club, and amalgamated with Gorton Athletic to form Ardwick in 1887. Ardwick were elected one of the twelve original members of the Second Division of the football league in 1892 and in 1894 took the name Manchester City.
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Manchester SC is an ice skating club formed in Manchester, England in 1877 when it was dependant upon natural ice until the opening of the Manchester Ice Palace in 1910 where the club staged world championships during the first quarter of the 20th century.
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Manchester United FC are an English Association Football club. They were formed in 1885 by employees of the Lancashire and Yorkshire railway and named Newton Heath. In 1902 the present name of Manchester United was adopted. Manchester United won the FA Cup in 1909, 1948, 1963, 1977, 1983, 1985, 1990, 1994, 1996 and 1999, by 2000 making Manchester United the team that had won the FA Cup the most times in its history.
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The Manchester-Blackpool is an 83 km long English road walking race held annually since 1909, except in the world war periods. The race is organised by the Lancashire Walking Club.
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The Manning Cup is a hockey trophy competed for by Australia and New Zealand played for alternately in each country either with one Test or a series of Tests.
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Mao is a recent addition to the Eights group of card games, which is especially popular in the USA. The main feature of Mao which distinguishes it from its predecessors is that there is a rule against explaining or asking about the rules. New players are expected to join a game and deduce the rules of play by observation, trial and error.
The Marathon is the longest race to figure in the programme of events for all major athletics championships. The name derives from the story of Phidippides, a Greek soldier, who was ordered to run from the battlefield of
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Marathon to Athens, a distance of about 22 miles, to convey the news of the Greek victory over the Persians in 400 BC. The modern Marathon is run over 26 miles.
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The Marcel Corbillion Cup is an award for the women's team championship of the world at table tennis.
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Marias is the most popular card game in the Czech Republic and in Slovakia. It exists in versions for 2, 3 and 4 players and is played with a German suited 32 card pack. It is closely related to the Hungarian game Ulti.
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Marjapussi is a trick taking card game. There are no trumps at the start, but if the side winning a trick hold the king and queen of a suit, they can make that suit trumps. Trumps can change in this way several times during a hand. Points are scored for cards won in tricks, for making trumps, and for winning the last trick. Players bid according to how many points they think their side can take. The partnership that wins the bidding is allowed to exchange some cards and lead first, but they must take as least as many points as their contract in order to score. The side which first reaches or exceeds 500 points wins.
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Marriage is a card game for two players played with a deck of 32 cards, all the cards below seven having been discarded as per the game of piquet. The game is won by reaching a score of 66 points. The values of the cards are as follows: The ace counts 11 points, the ten ten points, the king 4 points, the queen 3 points and the knave 2 points, other cards have no scoring value. Trumps are played in this game.
As in piquet and similar games, scoring is from cards in hand and from cards played. The scores for cards in hand are, for a marriage, i.e. king and queen of an ordinary suit, 20 points; and for a love, i.e. ace and ten of an ordinary suit, 30 points. For marriage and love in the trump suit these scores are doubled, i.e. 40 points and 60 points. In the outplay the counting cards played and taken give the score. Sixteen points are added for the last trick taken, and 20 points if the last six tricks have been won by one hand alone.
The players cut for deal and the lower cut deals. He gives six cards to each player and turns up the 13th card to show the trump suit. The remaining cards form a stock from which the players draw. The play begins by the non-dealer leading. The dealer can then, if he so wishes, play a card of another suit, as he need neither follow suit nor trump. These two cards form a trick, and the winner of this trick leads in the following one.
The winner of a trick can now declare any marriage or love he may hold; if it is good it is scored at once. Each love and marriage must always be shown before scoring for them, and one card of the proved love or marriage cannot be played at once. The winner of the trick next draws the top card from the stock and the loser draws the one below it. This occurs after every trick until the stock is exhausted, so that during the earlier part of the outplay each player has six cards in hand.
Marriages and loves can be made whenever convenient, but only by the winner of the trick immediately preceding. A declaration cannot be made after the stock is closed, nor after the first card of the eleventh trick is played. That is to say, during the last six tricks no declarations are valid. With equal loves or marriages the non-dealer or elder hand scores on declaration; the other player does not.
A player holding the seven of trumps may exchange it for the turned-up card when it is his turn to draw, and as long as the stock remains unclosed or unexhausted. When a seven or the last card from the stock is drawn, it cannot be exchanged. After drawing either player may declare the stock closed, and after that no player can draw a card from it. The one who closes it must thus win the game in the outplay by completing 66 points; if he fails to do so his opponent becomes the winner, even if he has not reached 66 points and has a score lower than that of the closer.
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A martial art is any of various sports or skills, mainly of Japanese origin, some of Chinese or Korean origin, which originated as forms of fighting for self-defence or attack. Martial arts include judo, karate, kung-fu and kendo.
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Marylebone Cricket Club (the MCC) was founded in 1787 by a group of noblemen. The club revised the laws of cricket, and became the new official authority on the game until 1969 when a newly created cricket-council took over the responsibility.
Maw was a card game, popular in 16th century Britain, and an ancestor of a group of games normally associated with Ireland and Irish communities abroad. The descendants include Spoil Five and a series of games named after the number of points required to win: 25, 45, 55, 110, 120.
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Meg Merryleys is a Lincolnshire dialect of Nine Men's Morris.
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The Melbourne Cup is a handicap race for three year olds and upwards run at Flemington race-course in Melbourne over 3200 meters.
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In card games a set of three or more cards of the same pip value, or of the same suit in sequence with no gaps.
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A merry-go-round or roundabout (known in America as a carousel) is a revolving machine on which people, often children, ride round and round for amusement. The traditional merry-go-round is fitted with ornate model horses which go up and down on a pole and carriages, the whole ride revolving round.
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The Miami Dolphins are an American professional football team. They joined the American Football League in 1966, and won the National Football League in 1971.
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Middle-Distance Running is the track events in athletics, beyond the range of sprinting, but short of the broad classification of long-distance running. Middle-distance events on the programmes of major athletics championships are the 800 meters, 1500 meters and 3000 meters steeplechase for men, and the 800 meters for women.
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The Middleton Cup is the English inter-county team championships held in lawn bowls at Mortlake, London. The event started in 1911 and was originally played for the John Bull Cup, but this was replaced in 1922 by the
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The Midi Libre is a French four-day professional cycle race, traditionally held in late May, and named after the newspaper which promotes it.
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Mikado (or spilikins, also popularly known as 'pick-up sticks') is a game of skill suitable for children aged seven and over and also adults, comprising a number of wooden sticks about seven inches long, tapered to a point at each end and decorated in one of several colours or patterns. The sticks are held vertically, in one hand, the points resting on the table below, and allowed to fall to the table where upon the objective is to remove sticks from the pile without moving any other stick. Each stick scores one of several points depending upon its colour or pattern, with one stick, the mikado which is usually black or decorated with a spiral, scoring more than the others and if extracted may be used to assist in removing other sticks from the pile. A player's turn ends when they have either collected all the sticks, or caused another stick to move. At the end of their turn the points scored are calculated and all the sticks passed to the next player.
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The Milan 100 km was an annual Italian road walking race first held in 1909 and continuing until 1960 when a lack of sponsorship forced it to end.
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The Milwaukee Braves are an American professional baseball team. They were originally the Boston Braves, but in 1953 their franchise was shifted to Milwaukee and their name changed accordingly, before in 1966 their franchise moved to Atlanta (much to the resentment of the Milwaukee supporters) and they became the Atlanta Braves.
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The Milwaukee Brewers are an American professional baseball team. They were an initial member of the American League in 1901, but dropped into the minor leagues the next year.
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The Milwaukee Bucks are an American professional basketball team playing in the NBA since 1968.
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Minister's Cat is a children's game. The first player begins by saying, 'The minister's cat is an ambitious cat', the next player 'an artful cat', and so on, until they have all named an adjective beginning with A. The next time of going round the adjectives must begin with B, the next time C, and so on, until the whole of the alphabet has been gone through.
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The Minneapolis Lakers were an American professional basketball team. In 1962 their franchise moved to the west coast and they became known as the Los Angeles Lakers.
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The Minnesota North Stars are an American ice hockey club based at Bloomington, Minnesota. They were formed in 1967 as one of six teams of the new West Division of the expanded NHL of North America.
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The Minnesota Twins are an American professional baseball team. They were formed in 1961, playing at Bloomington, Minnesota.
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The Minnesota Vikings are an American professional football team. They entered the NFL in 1961, and won the National Football Conference title in 1969.
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Mississipi was a game played in Britain on a table made in the form of a parallelogram. It resembled a billiard-table of the time, except that, instead of pockets, it had a recess at one end, into which the balls could fall; and this recess was faced with a thin board equal in height to the ledge that surrounded the table; and in it were fifteen perforations, or small arches, every one of them surmounted by a number from one to fifteen inclusive, the highest being placed in the middle, and the others intermixed on either side.
The players had four or six balls. These balls, which were usually made of ivory, and distinguished from each other by their colour, some being red and some white, they cast alternately, one at a time, against the sides of the table, whence acquiring an angular direction, and rolling to the arches, they struck against the intervening parts, or passed by them.
In the first instance the cast is of no use; in the second the value of the numbers affixed to the arches through which they run was placed to the score of the player; and he who first attains one hundred and twenty wins the game. This pastime was included in the same 17th century statute which banned billiards, and the same penalty was imposed upon any publican who kept a table in his house for the purpose of playing.
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The Mitropa Cup is the oldest Association Football club competition in Europe. It was first suggested in 1924 by Meisl as an annual knock-out competition involving the leading professional clubs of Central Europe, and the competition was instituted in 1927.
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Mittlere Jass is an unusual Swiss Jass game for three players. It is a point trick game, with the basic objective of each hand being to avoid ending up with the middle score. Mittlere is played with a 36-card jass pack. There are four suits: acorns, shields, flowers, and bells. In each suit, there are nine cards: ace (or sow), king, ober, under, banner, 9, 8, 7, 6. If you cannot obtain such a pack, you can play it with a bridge or poker pack, using queens for obers, jacks for unders, 10s for banners, and discarding cards smaller than 6s.
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Monday, Tuesday is a children's game played with a ball. There are seven players, who each take a name from one of the days of the week. One (Sunday) begins by throwing the ball against a wall, calling out at the same time the name of one of the days, who has to run and catch it before it falls. If this one fails to catch the ball, the first player picks up the ball and tries to hit one of the six with it, who all endeavour to escape being hit. If the player succeeds, he again throws the ball against the wall, calling out another day of the week to catch it. If a player gets hit three times, he is out. The winner is he who has either not been hit at all or the fewest times, or who has been able to stay in the longest. The same game is played with twelve children, who are named after the twelve months of the year.
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Montana-Crans SBC is a Swiss skibob club, founded in 1964.
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The Montreal Alouettes are a Canadian professional football team. They were formed in 1946 from an earlier Montreal team formed in 1907.
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The Montreal Canadiens are a Canadian ice hockey club, one of the original four members which formed the professional National Hockey League of North America in 1917.
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The Montreal Expos are a Canadian professional baseball team. They joined the National League in 1969 when it expanded to twelve teams.
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Mora is an ancient game still in vogue in the south of Europe. It is played by two players who simultaneously present each a hand, with some of the fingers extended, at the same moment endeavouring to guess the aggregate number of fingers so extended. An accurate guess counts one; five is game.
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Mornington Crescent is a game, originated by the BBC Radio Four show 'I'm Sorry I Haven't A Clue', played by two or more players. The players take turns to declare the name of a single station on the London Underground ('The Tube') until finally one player announces 'Mornington Crescent!' and so wins the round. The rules to Mornington Crescent are a source of great interest, the BBC receiving numerous requests for the rules each year, but never revealing the rules, and it is a custom among those who play the game not to reveal the rules to outsiders.
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Moto Guzzi are an Italian motor-cycle firm. It was founded in 1921 and has been prominent in racing ever since.
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Moto-Cross (scrambling) is a specialised form of motor-cycle racing in which competitors race around a circuit consisting of a variety of rough cross- country terrain, generally including mud, sand, grass, gravel, stones and streams.
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Mount the Tin is an old children's game. One child throws a tin (any kind of tin will do) to some distance, and then walks towards it without looking round. The other children, in the meantime, hide somewhere near. The child who threw the tin has to guard it, and at the same time try to find those who are hiding. If he sees one he must call the name, and run to strike the tin with his foot. He does this until each one has been discovered. As they are seen they must stand out. The one who was first found has to guard the tin next time. Should one of the players be able to strike the tin while the keeper is absent, that player calls out, 'Hide again'. They can then all hide until the same keeper discovers them again.
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Mount Washington is a lacrosse club in Baltimore, Maryland. It developed in 1904 from the
Mount Washington Cricket and Country Club, whose ground, Roland Park, was taken over by the lacrosse club.
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MTK Budapest are a Hungarian Association Football club. They were founded in 1888 and known variously as Hungaria, Textilesek, Bastya and Red Banner before once again becoming MTK in 1956.
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Munshets or Munshits was an early bat and ball game played as late as the early 19th century, and believed to be a forerunner of cricket. The game was played by two or more boys as follows:
One of the boys remained 'at home', and another went out to a prescribed distance. The boy who remained 'at home' made a small hole in the ground, and held in his hand a stick about three feet long to strike with. The boy who was out at field threw a stick in the direction of this hole, at which the other tried to hit. If he hit it, he had to run to a prescribed mark and back to the hole without being caught or touched with the smaller stick by his playfellow. If he was caught, he was 'out', and had to go to field. And if the boy at field could throw his stick so near to the hole as to be within the length or measure of that stick, the boy at home had to go out to field.
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Murder in the dark is a party game for older children and adults in which all the players draw at random a slip of paper from a hat, on one piece of paper is an X - the drawer of which is the 'murderer' and on another a D - the drawer of which is the 'detective'. After drawing the papers, the light are turned out, the detective leaves the room and the murderer selects a 'victim' who screams and falls to the ground 'dead'. The detective then re-enters the room, switches on the lights and questions the players. Only the murderer may lie, but if challenged must admit to being the murderer. The detective after questioning everyone has two guesses as to the identity of the murderer.
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Murrayfield is the headquarters, and home ground of the Scottish Rugby Union since 1925, situated on the outskirts of Edinburgh.
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Murrels is a Cambridgeshire name for Nine Men's Morris.
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Mus is a popular Spanish card game, of Basque origin. It is unusual in that although its mechanics - drawing cards and then betting on who has the best hand - are reminiscent of gambling games like Poker, Mus is a partnership game which does not need to be (and usually is not) played for money.
Mus is actually quite quick and straightforward to play, with a lot of scope for bluff and jokes.
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Musical Chairs is a children's game, played in Britain since at least the Victorian period. A line of chairs is placed in a row down a room (one chair less than the number of children who are playing) in such a way that every alternate chair only is available on either side for the players to seat themselves. The children walk or dance round the chairs, keeping quite close to them. Music is played while they are dancing round. The music is continued for any length of time the player pleases, the children running round the chairs as long as the music goes on. The player stops the music suddenly, when all the children endeavour to take seats. One will be unable to find a seat, and this player remains 'out'. A chair is then taken away, and the music and dancing round begins again. The last child being left seated when there is only one chair left being the winner.
A variation played in Ellesmere was called 'Snap-tongs', and was called in other areas 'Magic Music'. Five players took part; four chairs were set in the middle, and one of the players, who held a pair of tongs, waited while the others danced round the chairs until the clock struck a certain hour, which was done by snapping the tongs together so many times. While they danced, a chair was taken away, and the player who could not find a seat had to become the 'snap-tongs' next time.
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Mustamaija is a Finnish card game generally thought of as a children's game, though the tactical play is sufficiently interesting that adults can also enjoy playing it. The name translates roughly as 'Black Maria', but its only relationship to the British game of Black Maria (a variant of Hearts) , is that in both games the aim is to avoid being given the queen of spades.
Mustamaija is not a trick taking game like hearts - it is a beating game of the multiple attack type. There is no winner, only a loser of each hand. The loser is the player who is left holding the mustamaija (spade queen) when all the other players have run out of cards.
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A myrmillo was a Roman gladiator armed with a sword and shield and also a helmet with a perforated face guard and an elaborate plume.
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