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The Probert Encyclopaedia of Heraldry

SABLE

In heraldry, sable is he tincture black represented by vertical and horizontal lines crossing each other.
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SAINT GEORGE'S CROSS

In heraldry, the Saint George' cross is a Greek cross gules upon a field argent, the field being represented by a narrow fimbriation in the ensign, or union jack, of Great Britain.
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SALIENT

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In heraldry, the term salient refers to a leaping position such as for example a lion salient - a leaping lion.

A lion salient is emblematic of valour.
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SALTANT

In heraldry, the term saltant refers to a springing forward position and is applied especially to the squirrel, weasel, and rat, and also to the cat, greyhound, monkey, etc.
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SALTIRE

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In heraldry, a saltire is a Saint Andrew's cross, or a cross in the form of an X, being one of the honorable ordinaries.
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SARCELED

In heraldry, the term sarceled means cut through the middle.
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SCARP

In heraldry a scarp is a band in the same position as the bend sinister, but only half as broad.
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SEAX

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In heraldry, a seax is a charge consisting of a curved sword with a notched blade.
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SEJANT

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In heraldry, the term sejant means sitting, and is applied to a lion or other beast.

A lion sejant is emblematic of counsel.
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SEME

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In heraldry the term seme means sprinkled or sown and is said of field, or a charge, when strewed or covered with small charges.
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SHAFTED

In heraldry the term shafted is used to describe something having a shaft. The term is applied to a spear when the head and the shaft are of different tinctures.
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SHIELD

In heraldry, the shield is the escutcheon or field on which are placed the bearings in coats of arms. The shield is mapped into areas, described from the perspective of someone holding the shield, and thus opposite to the viewer's perspective. The left side being the sinister side, the right side described as the dexter side. The top of the shield is called the chief and the bottom, or pointed part the base. The middle of the shield is called the fesse point. The front face of an heladic Shield is generally flat; but sometimes the curved edges are made to appear as if they had been slightly rounded off. Some early Shields are represented as bowed - that is hollowed or curved in order to more closely cover the person of the bearer, and as a result having a convex external contour. In early examples of bowed Shields the whole of the armourial blazonry is generally displayed on the face of that portion of the Shield which is shown.
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SINOPLE

In heraldry, sinople refers to the tincture vert - the colour green.
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SPLENDOUR

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In heraldry, the term splendour is applied to the sun when represented with a human face, and environed with rays.
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SPREAD EAGLE

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In heraldry, the spread eagle is a figure of an eagle with outspread wings, used as the national emblem of the USA and often used as a device on military ornaments, and the like.
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SPRINGING

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In heraldry, the term springing is applied to beasts of chase in a leaping position (like salient is applied to lions etc). Springing is also said of fish placed in a bend.
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SQUARE

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In heraldry, square refers to a shape of shield. The square shield is basically
square in appearance, with an angled tapering base forming a point.
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STATANT

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In heraldry, statant describes a beast in a standing position.
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SUBORDINARY

In heraldry, a subordinary is one of several heraldic bearings somewhat less common than an ordinary. Different writers name different bearings as subordinaries, but the bar, bend, sinister, pile, inescutcheon bordure, gyron, and quarter, are always considered subordinaries by those who do not class them as ordinaries.
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SUPERCHARGE

In heraldry, supercharge describes a bearing charged upon another bearing.
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SUPPORTER

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In heraldry a supporter is a figure, sometimes of a man, but commonly of some animal, placed on either side of an escutcheon, and exterior to it. Usually, both supporters of an escutcheon are similar figures.
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SUR-ANCREE

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In heraldry, sur-ancree is a term applied to a cross with double anchor flukes at each termination.
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SURMOUNTED

In heraldry, the term surmounted describes something partly covered by another charge.
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SURTOUT

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In heraldry, surtout refers to an escutcheon placed upon the centre of a shield of arms; a shield of pretence.
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