A cabal is a secret scheme or intrigue, hence the famous Conway Cabal in American history. The word also describes a secret group of a few people, usually for evil purposes.
The Conway Cabal was an intrigue by Gates, Lee, Mifflin, Wilkinson and others of George Washington's officers, in 1777, for the promotion of Brigadier-General Thomas Conway, contrary to George Washington's judgment. George Washington was accused of incompetence and partiality, and finally Congress was prevailed upon to promote Thomas Conway to major-general and inspector-general. In 1778 Thomas Conway was wounded in a duel and apologized to George Washington, confessing his wrong.
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Thomas Conway was a French soldier. He was born in 1733 and died in 1800. He went to the USA in 1777 and was made a brigadier-general. He was present at the Battle of Brandywine and at the Battle of Germantown. He was the leader of the 'Conway Cabal' conspiracy against George Washington, and was subsequently wounded in a duel fought with general John Cadwalader. Soon after he returned to France and was made Governor of Pondicherry.
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