The Mayflower was a British LNER B-1 Class Locomotive (number 61379). The Mayflower was a steam locomotive used as a standard general utility locomotive. It had a water capacity of 4200 gallons and a coal capacity of 7.5 tons. It had a driving wheel of 6 feet and 2 inches and a bogie wheel of 3 feet 2 inches. The boiler pressure was 225 lb per square inch and it had a tractive effort of 26,878 lb. The wheel arrangement was 4-6-0.
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Thanksgiving is an annual festival in the USA, celebrated on the last Thursday in November, since it was so fixed by President Lincoln in 1864. The custom dates from the thanksgiving day set aside by the Mayflower Pilgrims after their first harvest in 1621, and was later adopted by the various colonies and States.
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The Triumph Mayflower was a British two-door saloon motor car produced around 1950 as a family car, incorporating comfort with economical performance at a relatively low purchase price. The Triumph Mayflower was powered by a 11250 cc 4 cylinder engine providing 39 bhp and a top speed of 65 mph with fuel consumption of 35 mpg.
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Edward Winslow was one of the leaders of the Pilgrim Fathers. He was born in 1595 and died in 1655. He joined Robinson's congregation at Leyden in 1617, and was one of the prominent members of the 'Mayflower' band. He was the diplomatist and commercial head of the colony. The first year he negotiated a lasting treaty with Massasoit, whose life he saved two years later. He conducted an exploring expedition into the interior, and visited England several times in the interests of the settlement. Edward Winslow was often chosen assistant, and was three times Governor. In 1633 he dispatched a vessel up the Connecticut whose crew built a house on the site of Hartford, in rivalry with the Dutch claims. He represented his colony in the New England Confederation, and by Oliver Cromwell was appointed head commissioner of an expedition against the Spanish West Indies, which was, however, unsuccessful; Edward Winslow died during its course.
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John Carver was the leader of the Pilgrim Fathers. He was born in 1575 and died in 1621. He took refuge in Holland in 1607 and became agent for the expedition to New England. He left in the Mayflower on September the 6th 1620 and arrived in Massachusetts where the town of New Plymouth was built. He was the first Governor of Plymouth colony. He was probably elected Governor on board the Mayflower in Provincetown harbour in November, 1620; was re-elected in March, 1621, but died the next month.
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Myles Standish (also known as Miles Standish) was one of the Pilgrim Fathers. He was born in 1584 at Duxbury, Lancashire and died in 1656. He sailed in the Mayflower for Plymouth, Massachusetts in 1620. He led the exploring expeditions to discover a suitable place for settlement. He was appointed military captain in 1621, being the first commissioned military officer in New England. He rendered valuable service in repelling Indian hostilities. He visited England in 1625 as agent for the colony and returned with supplies in 1626. He founded Duxbury in 1632. He was a member of the executive council, and for many years treasurer of the colony. His courtship of Priscilla Mullens was commemorated by Henry Longfellow, in his 'Courtship of Miles Standish'.
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The Pilgrim Fathers were the first settlers in Massachusetts. In 1608, a party of Puritans, chiefly from the north of England, weary of the constant religious persecutions, left England and settled at Amsterdam, whence they later moved to Leyden. But they could not conform to the customs of Holland. Accordingly in 1617, Robert Cushman and John Carver were sent to England to treat with the Virginia Company for a grant of settlement in its territory in America. This was readily obtained.
Early in 1620, the Pilgrims embarked from Delfthaven in the ship Speedwell, a vessel chartered in Holland. Arriving at Southampton, they found the Mayflower, which Cushman had brought from London, awaiting them. On August the 5th, 1620, the Mayflower and the Speedwell left Southampton for the New World.
Twice the Speedwell put back for repairs, and the second time she was left, the Mayflower sailing alone from Plymouth with 102 passengers, on September the 6th. Their destination was to a point near the Hudson River, but the wind drove them to the north. Skirting along Cape Cod, on November the 11th the Mayflower dropped anchor off what is now Provincetown. Later the Pilgrims landed on Plymouth Rock, and thus the colony of Plymouth was begun. The leaders of the Pilgrims were Bradford, Brewster, Cushman, Miles Standish, and Carver. The name comes from a passage in the journal of William Bradford.
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William Bradford was an English Separatist. He was born in 1588 at Austerfield and died in 1657. In 1607 he left England for Holland. He was among the leaders of the Mayflower Pilgrims that sailed for America. On the death of Carver in April 1621, he was chosen Governor of the Plymouth Colony.
William Bradford was Attorney-General of the USA. He was born in 1755 at Philadelphia and died in 1795. In 1780 he was appointed Attorney-General of Pennsylvania and in 1791 a judge of the Supreme Court before in 1794 being appointed Attorney-General of the United States.
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The America's Cup is the name given to the Queen's Cup, which was given by the Royal Yacht Squadron in May, 1851, for a race around the Isle of Wight, which was won by the schooner yacht America (after whom the cup was subsequently named), whose principal owner at that time was Commodore J. C. Stevens, of the New York Yacht Club. The America was built by George Steers, at Green-point, and registered in Custom House tonnage 170 tons. She carried no foretopmast and displayed no boom on her foresail. She took the lead in the great race of Friday, August the 22nd, 1851, and held it against fourteen crack British yachts, completing the run of 81 miles, despite the loss of her jib-boom, eight minutes in advance of the cutter Aurora.
The cup then went to the USA. Sailing contests for the America's Cup took place in the years 1870, 1871, 1876, 1881, 1885, and 1887, the American yachts coming off victorious in every instance. In 1870 the Cambria went over the seas and was beaten, and beaten badly, the old America, Dauntless, Magic, Idler, Silvie, Madgie, Phantom, Alice, and Halcyon all making better time. In 1871 the Livonia went to America and tried her mettle with the Columbia, who beat her handsomely, the first time by 27 minutes and 16 seconds, and the second by nearly 8 minutes. In the third trial she was defeated, owing to the loss of her flying jib-stay and the breaking of her steering gear. A few days after the keel schooner Sappho defeated the Livonia twice, once by 30 minutes and 21 seconds, and again by 25 minutes and 27 seconds.
The next race was in 1876, when the Canadian yacht Countess of Dufferin competed for the cup. The Madeleine defeated her in fine shape, first by 10 minutes and 50 seconds, and again by 27 minutes and 14 seconds. The Canadians made a second trial in 1881, with the centreboard sloop Atalanta. She was beaten both by the Mischief and Gracie, the Mischief's margin of safety being respectively 28 minutes 80 seconds, and 38 minutes 54 seconds. In 1885 the Genesta made the attempt, and was beaten by the Puritan, of Boston: first race, September 14th, Puritan, 6h 6m. 5s.; Genesta, 6h. 22m. 24s.: second race, Puritan, 5h. 3m. 14s.; Genesta, 5h. 4m. 52s. The Galatea entered for the cup in 1886 against the Mayflower: first race, September the 7th, (Galatea time allowed 42 seconds,) Mayflower, 5h. 26m. 41s.; Galatea, 5h. 38m. 43s.; second race, September 11th, Mayflower, 6h. 49m.; Galatea. 7h. 18m. 9s. The Thistle made in 1887 a desperate effort to regain the cup. The Volunteer was built to beat her and did: first race, September the 27th, Volunteer, 4h. 53m. 18s.; Thistle, 5h. 12m. 41.75s., being allowed 5 seconds and being beaten by 19 minutes and 23.75 seconds, or a little over 2.5 miles, in a course of 38 nautical miles. In the second race, September the 30th, the Volunteer (5h. 42m. 56.25s.) beat the Thistle (5h. 54m. 44s.) by 11 minutes and 47.75 seconds.
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The Mayflower was an English cross-channel merchant ship of 180 ton displacement built around 1606. She had three masts and was manned by a crew of 20, carrying baled wool and wine across the English Channel. In 1620 she was chartered by a group of Puritans to sail them to North America, a journey which she made and returned with the loss of half her crew, before returning to work as a cross-channel trader.
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